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The state of surrogacy in the world
One of the most heated legislative debates in Spain in recent months has been the debate over surrogacy, popularly known as “wombs for rent”. At the moment, this practice is still not permitted in Spain [...]
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Differences between a TIE, a NIE and a residence card
Foreigners who are preparing to reside in Spain encounter several different forms of official identification, which can cause some confusion. As specialists in everything related to immigration and international law, we at ICN LEGAL will try to clearly explain the various concepts foreign citizens living in Spain need to understand.
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ICN LEGAL gets an important legal victory in an appellate court ruling on an exequatur request
Professor José Carlos Fernández Rozas has recently discussed the favorable ruling obtained by our firm, under the legal direction of founding partner Celsa Núñez, on his blog. On this occasion [...]
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Westphalian principles (II): applicable law in the online infringement of...
I started my previous article by quoting a phrase from Muñoz Machado, “the internet does not acknowledge Westphalian principles,” and tried to explain that the absence of an international regulation for the internet has left us with no choice [...]
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Who can authorize the renewal of a minor's passport?
In the context of divorce proceedings, matters relating to the custody of children are often those that present the greatest complications, especially when it is a contested divorce. Even after the divorce is finalized, conflicts may continue to arise [...]  
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What penalties might be faced by the members of a marriage of convenience?
What consequences might be faced by two people who marry so that one of them can legalize their situation or obtain nationality? The response may vary depending on the specific circumstances in which the agreement was made [...]
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An approach to international child abduction
The cases of international child abduction that have been in the spotlight in recent months reveal an intrinsic complexity which makes it worthwhile to review some key legal aspects in this regard, especially in a globalized society [...]
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Children don’t live on bread alone. What does child support include and how is it calculated?
Lawyers like us who work in family law receive daily queries from clients who wish to separate from a current partner with whom they’ve had children. In most cases, these children tend to still be minors [...]  
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Westphalian principles (I): international jurisdiction in the online infringement of...
It has become commonplace to compare the internet to the “Wild West”. The 19th-century expansion of the United States’ border towards the Pacific coast is an apt metaphor for the unexplored territory that is the internet, as well as the challenges it poses [...]

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